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2020福州考研英语:短文写作常用替换词汇和句式

2019-10-25 17:17:49| 福州在职研究生考试网

福州在职研究生招生信息网为您提供2020福州在职硕士研究生考试公告,包括考试科目、报名人数统计、报考条件、成绩查询等信息。本文提供2020福州考研英语:短文写作常用替换词汇和句式,如下:

短文写作的评分标准主要有4个:语言准确、组织连贯、信息完整、语言多样。其中最为重要的就是语言多样。所以考生在写作时需要注意使用丰富的词汇及多样的语言表达。考研英语写作对于词汇多样性的要求考生也不必过于担忧,只要做到替换应急词汇,即可达到基本的要求。下面是中公考研英语老师整理的一系列常用的替换词汇和句式,供各位备战2020考研考生准备英语作文参考。

(一)词语替换

常用名词替换表达:

person→individual

thing→affair;business;matter

choice→option

meaning→implication

problem→case;trouble;dilemma;crisis;disaster

picture→cartoon;drawing;illustration

failure→setback

way→method;approach

常用动词替换表达:

describe→depict;illustrate;show;record;reflect;reveal

cause→trigger;give rise to;contribute into;translate into

remember→keep in mind

get→acquire;obtain

solve→settle;tackle;overcome

try→attempt

prepare for→pave the way for

常用形容词替换:

important→vital;critical;significant;be of importance;essential

good→positive;favorable;promising;pleasure;excellent

bad→harmful;unfavorable;poor;discouraging

many→countless;a great number of;a host of

necessary→indispensable

famous→distinguished

enough→abundant;adequate

huge→enormous;massive;vast

possible→be likely to

(二)丰富句式

1. 添加修饰

在名词前面添加形容词

Young people should be condemmed.

Young peole giving up supporting their parents should be condemned.

常用描述图片的形容词:educational;vivid;ironic;

2. 句首添加状语

Interestingly;unfortunately;obviously;especially;irnoically;not surprisingly;overall;just like;

inaddition;besides

Obviously,what the picture conveyed should be given further analysis.

3. 多用复合句

复合句类型比较多,但是在考研中一个主句一个从句这样的句式基本是标配。但是如何把复合句写好,一方面可以使用词汇替换的技巧,另外一方面还需要用不同的句型。

(1) 形式主语:

It be+Adj./done/N.+that/to do

It is obvious that proceting environment is our compulsory duty and also a legal behavior.

(2) 定从句,这个是写作需要重点掌握的句式。

It goes without saying that the cartoon depicts four persons are competitively playing a footable game, which successfully captures our eyes.

(3)双重否定:

…hardly…not/ never

never fail to do

it is not impossible to

(4) 倒装结构:

Only+状语置于句首:Only in this way can we resolve the problem.

否定词置于句首:By no means should we turn a blind eye to such things of spoiling children.

(5) 强调句:

强调动词:I do expect that the issue of environment pollution can be settled as soon as possible.

强调句子某个成分:It was persistence and optimism that made Thomas Edison bravely confront a variety of obtacles and other failures and then finally invent the electrical lamp.

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2020福州考研英语:考研英语写作最后两月复习建议

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